Intro: Jordan is a country located in the Middle East. It is north-west of Saudi Arabia, south of Syria, and in between Israel and Iraq. Before it gained independence in 1946, it was controlled by many empires including the Akkadian Empire, Ottoman Empire, and the Hittite Empire.
Demographics: Jordan has a population of 10,248,069 people. This number is expected to increase due to the recent inflow of Syrian refugees. People are mostly concentrated on the west of the country in Amman, the capital city of Jordan. Amman also happens to be its largest city and has a total population of 4 million people. A smaller part of the population is located in the southwest of the country, along the shore of the Gulf of Aqaba. The country’s birth rate is 23.9 births per 1,000, while their death rate is 3.4 deaths per 1,000.
Geography: Jordan has a total area of 89,342 sq. kilometers, with 540 of these square kilometers being bodies of water. The Sea of Galilee, the Dead Sea, and the Jordan River are some of its main bodies of water. The east of the country is mostly a desert plateau, while the west is considered a highland area. The Great Rift Valley, made from mountains and hills, crosses the country on the west side from north to south. The climate is considered to be arid desert, though the west has a rainy season from November to April. The lowest point in the country is the Dead Sea which has an elevation of -431 meters, while their highest elevation point is Jabal Umm ad Dami at 1,854 meters.
Culture: Jordan is famous for high standard crafts, such as pottery, jewelry, carpets, embroidery, and traditional costumes. Mosaics are necessary for providing historians with the names and dates of important historical figures and events, all of which help in describing the ancient history of Christianity in this region. Both nomadic Bedouins and villagers created hand-woven rugs using different types of looms, which is an equipment for making fabrics. This handwork began to vanish away as the Bedouins started to settle. In order to preserve the art, the Jordanian’s artisans worked in partnership with the Save The Children Charity Organization and the Noor Al-Hussein Foundation to establish the Bani Hameeda Project. Jordanians continue to loop handmade rugs in the traditional dark colors of green, red, black and orange, although in recent years light pastel colors have also become popular. Jordan is also known for its fine glass blowing that create objects in the typical colorful style of the region. The main colors that are used are green and blue. Music is also really important for the Jordanians’ lives. The songs they sing often tell stories of 4 elements, which are family, death, honor, and love. Jordan is a mostly a Muslim country. 97.2% of Jordan’s population identifies as Muslim while only 2.2% as Christian.
Economy:
Government: Jordan’s constitution provides for a bicameral National Assembly, this means that its constitution has two branches or chambers, with a Senate as its upper chamber, and a House of Representatives as its lower chamber. The a?yan of the Senate are appointed by the king for four-year terms. Elections for the nuww?b of the House of Representatives, scheduled at least every four years, have frequently been suspended. There is a small number of seats for Christians and Circassians in the House of Representatives. The 1952 constitution is the most recent of a series of legislative instruments that have increased executive responsibility. The constitution declares Jordan to be a constitutional, hereditary monarchy with a parliamentary form of government. The king remains the country’s ultimate authority and wields power over the executive, legislative, and judicial branches. Jordan’s central government is headed by a prime minister, appointed by the king, who also chooses the cabinet. According to the constitution, the appointments of both prime minister and cabinet are subject to parliamentary approval. The cabinet coordinates the work of the different departments and establishes general policy.