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Replication

Replication, which is the reproducing of a present study. Obtaining similiter outcomes from a repeated study is an essential feature of scientific researches (Zwaan et al. 2018). Replication determines whether a finding is a single observation or an evidential scientific discovery (Zwaan et al. 2018). It was also pointed out by Zwaan et al. that “a scientific discovery requires both a consistent effect and a comprehensive description of the procedure used to produce that result in the first place.” In order to allow the others to be able to follow the same procedure and replicate the experiment, the report of the research should also include a detailed methodology. Alarms towards replications have arisen since the research data of a hundred replication experiments have been published in journal Science in 2015. A hundred experiments were done to determine the reproducibility of some of the most well-known experiments. Statistically significant p values below .05 were reported from 97% of the original studies. However, only 36% of the replication studies found statistically significant results (p < .05) (Open Science Collaboration, 2015).

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