Social Problem Analytic Framework: Human Trafficking
Social Problem Analytic Framework: Human Trafficking
Human trafficking, which involves trading humans for negative reasons such as sexual slavery or forced labor, is one of the social problems affecting communities today (Seidman & Rappaport, 2014). This issue should be addressed as this is going against people’s rights and against their will. Due to the benefits of human trafficking to those involved, this act has continued to grow as there are few strategies implemented to address the issue due to the nature of the crime (Seidman ; Rappaport, 2014). This crime may be committed locally or internationally. Human trafficking is a crime against the law as it violates the victim’s rights of movement since the act is mainly done through coercion and exploitation of individuals. The most affected gender is the female gender, which includes women and children who are the inferior gender in the society (Seidman & Rappaport, 2014).
Problem Statement about Human Trafficking
Human trafficking has become a global threat due to the nature of the crime, which may be difficult to address (Mishra, 2013). Men, women, and children are becoming more vulnerable all over the world with an increase in the number of individuals affected by this crime every year. The main form of human trafficking across the globe is sex trafficking which involves the prostitution industry (Mishra, 2013). Research has indicated over 20 million individuals being victims of human trafficking across the world with an estimate of 5 million of these individuals being victims of sexual exploitation. This has led to global efforts, which are aimed at addressing human trafficking. Several organizations have been formed internationally to help in fighting human trafficking across the world (Mishra, 2013).
One of the organizations include the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime which helps in promoting policies which are meant to punish human traffickers and also protect the victims of human trafficking (Mishra, 2013). Due to the aspect and nature of this crime, certain agencies have also produced tools and articles meant to train law enforcers on how to identify these crimes and increase awareness of this crime all over the world (Mishra, 2013). There are also other anti-trafficking nongovernmental agencies, which are meant to prevent human trafficking by advocating for policy reforms and providing rehabilitation services to the victims of human trafficking (Mishra, 2013). Human trafficking has severe consequences to the victims, which may include physical injuries due to the use of force and violence in coercing the individuals.
Victims of sex trafficking may also suffer from psychological effects which include mental torture, trauma, and stress (Brysk & Choi-Fitzpatrick, 2013). These victims may also suffer from sexually transmitted diseases since they do not have the freedom to protect themselves from infection from sexually transmitted diseases. Victims of human trafficking may also have long-term effects even after being rescued which may also affect their families and relatives (Brysk & Choi-Fitzpatrick, 2013). Human trafficking also impacts the economic status of a nation with estimates from the International Labor Organization indicating 32 billion dollars from the human trafficking industry. Most of the benefits acquired in human trafficking do not benefit the nation as they are illegally circulated between the individuals involved in the trade (Brysk & Choi-Fitzpatrick, 2013).
Vision of Change and Goal Clarification
Addressing human trafficking is important in protecting individuals from the negative effects associated with the crime. This will allow individuals to migrate to other countries in search of employment opportunities, which positively impacts the economy of a nation (Brysk & Choi-Fitzpatrick, 2013). Although human trafficking makes large profits, these profits negatively impact the economies of countries since the revenue is not subjected to taxation which provides revenues to nations. Addressing human trafficking will also address the issue of labor exploitation, which is going against the labor rights of individuals (Brysk & Choi-Fitzpatrick, 2013). There are major concerns on exploitation of migrant workers in certain countries through forced labor or sex trafficking. This has been widely adopted since the act has been disguised as modern slavery, which affects a large population across the world. This has led to deterioration in the health of the victims (Brysk & Choi-Fitzpatrick, 2013).
If this crime is addressed, individuals will not be taken advantage of through forced labor, which will not negatively impact their health status. It is the aim of every nation to improve the health of all citizens including immigrants (Piotrowicz, Rijken, & Uhl, 2018). Without human trafficking, the efforts aimed at improving the health status of the citizens will be successful in achieving the desired objectives (Piotrowicz, Rijken, & Uhl, 2018). Human trafficking is also connected to insecurity in the livelihood of at risk populations as these populations may face discrimination from the rest of the society members, which may lead to those, involved in this crime to take advantage of these populations. If human trafficking is addressed, individuals who are at a high risk would be secure from this crime. These include the poor and the uneducated (Piotrowicz, Rijken, & Uhl, 2018).
Historical Background and Current Conditions
The current existing social problem of human trafficking has been influenced by the past where slave trade was rampant. Humans were trapped and coerced into doing certain activities, which has led to today’s human trafficking (Zimmerman, 2013). Slavery was transformed to today’s human trafficking as interventions to address the issue were implemented, those involved devised new ways to conduct the trade (Zimmerman, 2013). This has been attributed to the increase in demand for cheap labor, which has led to a majority of the unemployed individuals being taken advantage of in their search for employment opportunities. The cartels involved in human trafficking are keen to take advantage of this group of individuals due to their desperation and high poverty levels (Zimmerman, 2013).
Although a majority of individuals would think that slave trade was completely banished, this is not true as humans are still bought and sold against their will, which has been modernized making it difficult to identify (Zimmerman, 2013). Modern slavery is just the same as the historic slave trade as the same principles are still applied which include forced labor without pay where the victims do not have freedom to make their own decisions (Zimmerman, 2013). The International Labor Organization has indicated a large number of victims involved in human trafficking in the current times, which continue to increase each year. The modern slavery is also similar to the early slavery in that the uneducated and the poor are the main victims of this crime (Zimmerman, 2013).
Possible Directions to Achieve Desired Change
Through training and education of the public on this matter, this can act as a preventive measure in ensuring the public and those at risk are safe from human trafficking (Piotrowicz, Rijken, & Uhl, 2018). This can also provide interventions on what to do incase they are victims of this crime which will help in reducing the crime from happening as well as the negative effects associated with human trafficking. This will also increase the safety of individuals who may be at a high risk of falling victims of this crime (Piotrowicz, Rijken, & Uhl, 2018). With these negative effects associated with human trafficking, it is important that all organizations involved to partner in finding a lasting solution to this social problem and prevent individuals from engaging in this act (Piotrowicz, Rijken, & Uhl, 2018).
This will prevent the increase in the crime, which has been witnessed in the last decade with research from international organizations indicating human trafficking the third largest crime internationally (Piotrowicz, Rijken, & Uhl, 2018). The first process of addressing this crime may start from creating awareness and educating the public on this crime, which will enable the public to be conscious and alert on any form of human trafficking (Piotrowicz, Rijken, & Uhl, 2018). Stakeholders should be allowed to share their expertise and experience in the implementation of policies and strategies aimed at addressing this social problem. Due to the increase in human trafficking, adequate addressing of this crime will benefit the whole society given the statistics that this crime affects a large number of individuals across the world. The crime as well as the negative effects associated with the crime will be prevented and reduced (Piotrowicz, Rijken, & Uhl, 2018).
Future Prospects: Suggested Strategies to Alleviate the Problem
There are various strategies, which have been implemented by the government and other nongovernmental agencies to address the social problem of human trafficking (Peters, 2015). These strategies are meant to increase awareness and understanding of this social problem to help the public and all those who are involved to identify certain elements related to human trafficking (Peters, 2015). With an increased knowledge in human trafficking, it will help high-risk individuals to be keen and alert on matters related to the problem. Information is knowledge and this can have a huge impact on the safety of individuals in addressing the human trafficking problem (Peters, 2015).
This information can be availed to the public through articles, books, and integrating the issue of human trafficking in schools where students can be taught on this social problem at an early age (Peters, 2015). This will nurture the individuals as they grow up and this is a good platform as a large percentage of individuals pass through school in preparing for their career enabling them to access the information. Since some people still think that slave trade was abolished long ago, it is important for increased awareness of this social problem and its existence (Peters, 2015). Creating awareness is the first step in addressing this problem as this process involves engaging the public in accepting that human trafficking is a crime which still exists and everyone should be alert and keen about the crime (Peters, 2015).
This will help the public in implementing preventive measures aimed at reducing the crime, which will reduce human trafficking incidences (Peters, 2015). With everyone aware of the social problem, more agencies and organizations will be more committed in supporting strategies and interventions meant to address the issue. This is important in the provision of the necessary resources required to address this issue adequately (Peters, 2015). Antihuman trafficking organizations can be able to access funding and other support from the federal, state, and local government authorities, which will encourage the agencies in increasing their efforts in addressing the crime (Peters, 2015).
Brysk, A., & Choi-Fitzpatrick, A. (2013). From human trafficking to human rights: Reframing contemporary slavery. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.
Mishra, V. (2013). Human trafficking: The stakeholders’ perspective. New Delhi ; Thousand Oaks, California: SAGE Publications.
Peters, A. W. (2015). Responding to human trafficking: Sex, gender, and culture in the law. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: University of Pennsylvania Press.
Piotrowicz, R. W., Rijken, C., ; Uhl, B. H. (2018). Routledge handbook of human trafficking. Abingdon, Oxon; New York, NY: Routledge.
Seidman, Edward, ; Rappaport, Julian. (2014). Redefining Social Problems. Springer Verlag.
Zimmerman, Y. C. (2013). Other dreams of freedom: Religion, sex, and human trafficking. Oxford: Oxford University Press.