These group of participants were subjected to the same conditions presented to the control group task while performing the Reading Fluency task (second Visual Task). This is a multi-task where after study list words were projected, 25 simple yes and no questions were also projected on the other half of the computer screen which represented a distraction or rehearsal prevention. After that the participant recalled the list in the study. Higher score indicates better performance on recall test.
Scoring of data
The inter-stimulus interval for presentation was one word per second and recall was one word per two seconds. The 50 recall list was projected one after the other and the subject had to respond yes and no if any of the recall words was part of the study list (source memory). The experimenter recorded the responses which was similar for all groups. Correct responses were marked over 25.
Data analysis was done using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences software. The findings are comprised below based on computations of the means, standard deviation, variance and the two-way ANOVA, and LSD (multiple comparison) findings.
A total number of 210 students(n=210) partook in the study. The table also describes the sample size mean and standard deviations of the three conditions; CG, EG1 and EG2. The following were also observed; males (N=87, m=14.82, SD=4.51) and females (N=123, M=14.69, SD=5.05). The means of females (14.69) and males (14.82) indicate that males performed better than females, but this is not a sufficient evidence to compare the confirmation. Thus, there is a need for further analysis to find out if the difference is significant or not. A two way-ANOVA analysis will be used.Results of Two-Way ANOVA is presented in Table 2. From the table, the p-value >0.05. F (1,204) =0.002, p=0.97, implies there is no significant difference in sex on dual tasking (divided attention). This implies that Hypotheses 1(H1), stated as females will perform significantly better in dual task across modality task compared to males is not supported and thus can be rejected.
With reference to table 1, it can be deduced that EG2, within modality (N=60, SD=4.76, M=14.13) performed better (high score) than EG1 (N=70, SD=4.17, M=12.00), across modality when their means are compared.
Results from table 2 (two-way ANOVA) indicates that there was a significant interactive effect of the condition on recall since p-value is